The Lean Construction approach is based on cooperation and collaboration. A review of Lean Construction literature reveals that authors use at least one or even both words without distinguishing between them, but rather use these words as synonyms. This is problematic, since a different understanding of words may lead to a misunderstanding of project issues. Therefore, clear and unified definitions are needed for both terms, thereby allowing readers and project partners, respectively, to have the same understanding of cooperation and collaboration. This paper explains the difference and defines the terms cooperation and collaboration in the context of Lean Construction projects.
Collaboration, cooperation, definition, Lean Construction.
Schöttle, A. , Haghsheno, S. & Gehbauer, F. 2014, 'Defining Cooperation and Collaboration in the Context of Lean Construction' In:, Kalsaas, B. T., Koskela, L. & Saurin, T. A., 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Oslo, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2014. pp 1269-1280