Exploring the Implementation of the Last Planner® System Through IGLC Community: Twenty One Years of Experience

Emmanuel I. Daniel1, Christine Pasquire2 & Graham Dickens3

1 PhD Research Student/ Research Associate, Centre for Lean Projects, School of Architecture, Design and Built; Environment, Nottingham Trent University, UK [email protected]
2Professor, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, and Director Centre for Lean Projects, Nottingham Trent University, UK [email protected]
3Senior Lecturer, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, Projects, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG1 4BU, United Kingdom, [email protected]


There is robust evidence that the level of implementation of the Last Planner® System (LPS) is increasing geographically and geometrically in construction. The International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC) community has reported this growth at IGLC conferences over this period. However, no study has explored how the LPS and its implementation has developed or improved. This study explored developments in the LPS from the review of IGLC conference papers. Qualitative research design utilising content analysis was adopted for this study comprising 57 IGLC reports on LPS implementation across 16 countries. The study reveals components of LPS implemented, with measuring of PPC, Weekly Work Planning meeting and recording reasons for non-completion the most reported. The study developed a timeline for the LPS development and revealed that some of the papers reviewed have no defined methodology. The study concludes that the LPS has developed in terms of its level of implementation, theory development, and as a vehicle to improve construction management practice across the major continents of the world, with elements that had little presence at the onset now prominent. The study recommends that more attention should be given to the relationship between practical applications and research methods to aid the establishment of sound theory to improve practice.


Last Planner® System, implementation, lean construction, IGLC, production control.



Daniel, E. I. , Pasquire, C. & Dickens, G. 2015, 'Exploring the Implementation of the Last Planner® System Through IGLC Community: Twenty One Years of Experience' In:, Seppänen, O., González, V. A. & Arroyo, P., 23rd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Perth, Australia, 29-31 Jul 2015. pp 153-162

Download: BibTeX | RIS Format