Leadership and Project Management: Time for a Shift from Fayol to Flores

Gregory A. Howell1, Hal Macomber2, Lauri Koskela3 & John Draper4

1Managing Director. Lean Construction Institute, Box 1003, Ketchum, ID 83340. 208/726-9989. [email protected].
2Principal, Lean Project Consulting, Inc., 36 Kirkland Drive, Andover, MA 01810. 978/470-8994. [email protected].
3Professor, The University of Salford, [email protected]
4PhD Candidate, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg ,VA. [email protected].


Henri Fayol's definition of management establishes the "common sense" of current project management practice. That common sense is challenged by a new definition of work and management put forward by Fernando Flores. This paper explores both definitions of management and their implications for leadership. When management of work in a lean project delivery is understood as "making and keeping commitments", the nature and focus of leadership and common sense changes. Producing trust is the essential role ofleaders.


Leadership, project management and lean construction.



Howell, G. A. , Macomber, H. , Koskela, L. & Draper, J. 2004, 'Leadership and Project Management: Time for a Shift from Fayol to Flores' In:, Bertelsen, S. & Formoso, C. T., 12th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Helsingør, Denmark, 3-5 Aug 2004.

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