Improving Non-Repetitive Takt Production With Visual Management

Max Grönvall1, Henri Ahoste2, Joonas Lehtovaara3, Ana Reinbold4 & Olli Seppänen5

1Development Engineer, Skanska Oy, Finland, [email protected], 128X
2Production Engineer, Skanska Oy, Finland, [email protected],
3Doctoral Candidate, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalto University, Finland, [email protected],
4Doctoral Candidate, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalto University, Finland, [email protected],
5Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalto University, Finland, [email protected],


Takt production is gaining increasing visibility in the construction industry. To further improve the current takt production practices, visual management tools could offer improved efficiency in the production control phase. However, the effects of visual management in takt control setting have not yet received much attention in research. This study aimed to investigate the effects of various visual tools in a takt production setting to gain knowledge on how these tools could aid takt control efficiency. The research utilized a design science research approach to create visual management tools and iterate them based on feedback. Interviews, site observation, and takt progress tracking were used to evaluate the implemented tools. The findings indicate that workers on site want to be more aware of the production plan, and information helps them to work in the right location at the right time. To help workers, visual management tools need to recognizable, explicit, and contain correct and up-to-date information. However, there are cultural issues related to implementation, especially on the need for information going through foremen to crews.


Visual management, takt control, lean construction, takt production, production planning and control.



Grönvall, M. , Ahoste, H. , Lehtovaara, J. , Reinbold, A. & Seppänen, O. 2021, 'Improving Non-Repetitive Takt Production With Visual Management' In:, Proc. 29th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC). Lima, Peru, 14-16 Jul 2021. pp 797-806

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